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This week Bro. Leo continues us on a Biblical study that’s goal is to look at the life of Jesus through a lens of those who were there. This is the eleventh study of the series, the first three studies set the foundation of the series.
Last week we studied the Sabbath and the actions (7 miracles) Jesus did during the Sabbath. Last weeks study was the foundation for this weeks study of all the “oral laws/Mishnah” (1521 addendum’s added to the Mosaic Law) the Jewish religious leaders have added to the Sabbath.
In Matt.12:1-4 Jesus gives us two examples of how the Jewish leaders have distorted the Mosaic Law with their Mishnah, 1) David and his men eating the show bread, 2) labor of the Priest. Jesus also makes two statements about Himself, 1) He is greater than the Temple, 2) He is Lord of the Sabbath.
In Matt.12:3 notice that Jesus asks them “Have ye not read”, Jesus was showing them the difference between the “written” Mosaic Law and the “oral” Mishnah Law that they were trying to enforce. As we study the discussions between Jesus and the Jewish leaders we will notice Jesus saying “Have ye not read” several times.
1Sam.21:1-6 gives us the account of David and his men eating the show bread. The 12 loaves of show bread represented the 12 tribes of Israel that were placed on the table of the Holy of Holies/represented the presence of God. This represented God as being their sustainer, He is the source of all nourishment for Israel (Mat 6:11 Give us this day our daily bread.). The Priest gave David and his men the show bread in order to nourish them.
In Luke 14:1-6 and Luke 13:10-16 Jesus presents to the Pharisees the difference between the “written” law and “oral” law with the example of performing a healing miracle on the Sabbath. Jesus was comparing the intent of the Law to their interpretation/oral law of the Law. The Pharisees missed the intent of the Law (Lev.19:17-18, Hos.6:6-7).
Jesus explains to them that their interpretation of the letter of the Law is not what God wants us to do, He explains to them that the intent of the Law is where their hearts should be (Matt.7:21-23, Matt.15:7-9, Matt.22:35-40).
Scriptures used in today’s study:
Mat 12:1 At that time Jesus went on the sabbath day through the corn; and his disciples were an hungred, and began to pluck the ears of corn, and to eat.
Mat 12:2 But when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto him, Behold, thy disciples do that which is not lawful to do upon the sabbath day.
Mat 12:3 But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did, when he was an hungred, and they that were with him;
Mat 12:4 How he entered into the house of God, and did eat the shewbread, which was not lawful for him to eat, neither for them which were with him, but only for the priests?
1Sa 21:1 Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why art thou alone, and no man with thee?
1Sa 21:2 And David said unto Ahimelech the priest, The king hath commanded me a business, and hath said unto me, Let no man know any thing of the business whereabout I send thee, and what I have commanded thee: and I have appointed my servants to such and such a place.
1Sa 21:3 Now therefore what is under thine hand? give me five loaves of bread in mine hand, or what there is present.
1Sa 21:4 And the priest answered David, and said, There is no common bread under mine hand, but there is hallowed bread; if the young men have kept themselves at least from women.
1Sa 21:5 And David answered the priest, and said unto him, Of a truth women have been kept from us about these three days, since I came out, and the vessels of the young men are holy, and the bread is in a manner common, yea, though it were sanctified this day in the vessel.
1Sa 21:6 So the priest gave him hallowed bread: for there was no bread there but the shewbread, that was taken from before the LORD, to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away.
Luk 14:1 And it came to pass, as he went into the house of one of the chief Pharisees to eat bread on the sabbath day, that they watched him.
Luk 14:2 And, behold, there was a certain man before him which had the dropsy.
Luk 14:3 And Jesus answering spake unto the lawyers and Pharisees, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath day?
Luk 14:4 And they held their peace. And he took him, and healed him, and let him go;
Luk 14:5 And answered them, saying, Which of you shall have an ass or an ox fallen into a pit, and will not straightway pull him out on the sabbath day?
Luk 14:6 And they could not answer him again to these things.
Lev 19:17 Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thine heart: thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbour, and not suffer sin upon him.
Lev 19:18 Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the LORD.
Hos 6:6 For I desired mercy, and not sacrifice; and the knowledge of God more than burnt offerings.
Hos 6:7 But they like men have transgressed the covenant: there have they dealt treacherously against me.
Mat 7:21 Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven.
Mat 7:22 Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works?
Mat 7:23 And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity.
Mat 15:7 Ye hypocrites, well did Esaias prophesy of you, saying,
Mat 15:8 This people draweth nigh unto me with their mouth, and honoureth me with their lips; but their heart is far from me.
Mat 15:9 But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.
Mat 22:35 Then one of them, which was a lawyer, asked him a question, tempting him, and saying,
Mat 22:36 Master, which is the great commandment in the law?
Mat 22:37 Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind.
Mat 22:38 This is the first and great commandment.
Mat 22:39 And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
Mat 22:40 On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.